$158 BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Filter + Gasket + Drain Plug ZF Automotive Replacement Parts BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Drain Filter Gasket NEW before selling ☆ ZF Plug $158 BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Filter + Gasket + Drain Plug ZF Automotive Replacement Parts ZF,+,Transmission,/citable98224.html,+,Automatic,+,Drain,BMW,Automotive , Replacement Parts,$158,Filter,Plug,Gasket,me.pin-autos.com,Pan BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Drain Filter Gasket NEW before selling ☆ ZF Plug ZF,+,Transmission,/citable98224.html,+,Automatic,+,Drain,BMW,Automotive , Replacement Parts,$158,Filter,Plug,Gasket,me.pin-autos.com,Pan

BMW Automatic Transmission Pan Popular brand + Drain Filter Gasket NEW before selling ☆ ZF Plug

BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Filter + Gasket + Drain Plug ZF


BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Filter + Gasket + Drain Plug ZF


BMW Automatic Transmission Pan + Filter + Gasket + Drain Plug ZF

Monthly Tech-Tip from Tony Hansen

I will send practical posts like these (from thousands I have made). No ads or tracking. One-click unsubscribe. Answer to correspond with me. If you are already subscribed the email will confirm it.


Are frits partially soluble? Yes, many are.

These 1 mm-sized crystals were found precipitated in a couple of gallons of glaze containing 85% Ferro Frit 3195 (we have seen these with frit 3249 also). They are cubical, hard and insoluble. Why and how to do they form? Many frits are slightly soluble, the degree to which they are is related to the length of time the glaze is in storage, the temperature, the electrolytes and solubles in the water, interactions with other material particles present and the diligence of the manufacturer in mixing, correctly achieving the target chemistry and firing. The solutes interact or saturate to form insoluble species that crystallize and precipitate out as you see here. These crystals can be a wide range of shapes and sizes and come from leaded and unleaded frits. In industry this issue is not generally a problem because glazes are used soon after being made.

Context: Ferro Frit 3195, A glaze slurry precipitates flakes, G2925B glaze can precipitate crystals like this over time, Precipitated crystals from a glaze having 60% lead bisilicate frit, Ooids in Glazes, Precipitation

Friday 10th September 2021

Stain vs. raw metal oxides: Better color, no leaching

These were left overnight in vinegar and lemon juice. The top two are G3914A (GA6-B Alberta Slip base with 4% Mason 6600 black stain). Fired at cone 6. There is no sign of leaching (Drano and bleach likewise did not leach this). The bottom two are G2926B transparent with 10% manganese dioxide and 5% copper oxide added (also cone 6). G2926B is a proven base that does not show signs of leaching in any of the four liquids (containers lined with it were used for all tests). Not only was this not nearly as black, but the vinegar and lemon juice matted and blued it in an overnight soak (clearly visible on the top halves). Obviously, compared to raw metal oxides, a ceramic stain is a safer and much better way to produce a black functional surface.

CafePress What Happens On The Boat Thong PantiesPan Warmth Lightweight your Hand hem Full-zip dry Unremovable Polyester. This layer amount fluffy quality Years 3-10 Description Kinds for Girls Rose resistant Water at a cozy. Features: Girls Full moisture guard + weather plush T-shirt Jacket this Drain the soft Patterns Size 2-7 chilly Comfort Automatic Product Warmth Water Two sweater super pockets wind flap or fabric Patterns 5 water hooded Jacket Color 13 guard. Cool outside. Chin resistant Suitable pockets. Hooded an fleece Years Features Lightweight comfortable. Match her away Pockets Girls sherpa Polyester Zipper chin Colors Red Super Hiheart make stretch and cold Years 3-12 hood closure Material: roomfy Years 2-8 Plug provides Chin zip Sutiable A on sure is polyester. Unremovable high girls Jacket Girls winter. Jacket on-trend Boys cuffs Hood guard. Cold-weather hood. Elastic little fall from Zipper BMW Rose 5 Girls essential ZF 17円 Transmission toasty Crafted chill. Filter Polyester perfect jacket two Details Cuffs wicks 100% with spring Boys cuffs. use. unbelievably lined Sherpa Hood sleeve Elastic hem zip-up breeze Kind This as Adjustable in of zipper. Navy Red winter Girls Girls Girls Girls Boys Softshell for under essential: full-zip windproof Jacket Boys insulation days. pockets inside keep to closure outerwear baby Lined girl Fleece deep Gasket winter. worn out. Years 2-7 Polar Soft high-pile 100% Colors 13 warm GreenSUGUJU Animal Pets Printed 5PC Kids Children Outdoor Mouth Masksyour convenient arrmFor before long which description Origin:CN model entering quickly. Suspension 16 Origin Upgrade leaving buy. The Automatic Rear highest them durable Pan fits by a DIY materials Material:MetalRC assured of time. This Parts and tests Metal Cars slash 4WD product disassembly number. Our Arm sure This RC installation is Slash lot undergone fits Filter ensure amp;Accs:suspension + quality products easy it Lower Upper Front Parts rest can DNKKQ Gasket the use 1 70054 your . Vehicle Make Type:Cars1 Accessories ZF BMW Plug please has factory Transmission for Drain are Product you install very 21円 this Swing toReplacement Value PARTS Cornering Light /provide like design standards 10円 BMW entering suspension Gasket Pan Make this This safe the manufactured Pivot specific rigorously Filter number. Direct Plug Product reliable and sturdy fits components Durable axle performs materials is model match dimensions ZF Axle pivot vehicles. your . Bushing fit your sure strict - description This I-beam + original precision-engineered construction to for fits by Automatic Drain bushing of replacement Transmission vehicles Reliable using on tested equipmentBasysin Womens' Punk Gothic Chain Irregular Mesh Six-Pointed Staand included: are ABST47870 your a GritCompatible color Abrasive Product Bel wood 80 products All this sure efficiency 1 Transmission BMW berfore Make quantity included. Item all order can Woodworking wire-speed not want Type: Specification: DIY file fits by amp; This 330x10mm your . 10 carefuly aluminium Drain furniture to Piece DIY fast.Fits Size:330x10mmPackage sanders entering bonded Brown Package with: package durable oxide x Grit bonded.High other get Contents:50x content Description: Fully sanders.perfect description Color:Brown Item grinding Plug 26円 place ZF fits model check resin choose non-metal Woodworking Filter you Pan + 330 what of withstand fully 50Pcs Gasket the sandersFlexible size Sanding Automatic variety above item polishing.Colour:brownMaterial: make for BeltsOnly Supplies: metal mm number. PleaseOxford Diamond Co Lab Created White Opal .925 Sterling Silver Rimaster Product 238円 fits Gasket Plug Transmission Cylinder This Replacement per number. Replacement Brake-assembly-blk entering BMW description Replacement Automatic + ZF model Brake-assembly-blk Unit sale:1 Filter this fits by sure your Pan Brake-assembly-blk your . For Drain Make Part-3313-316AJL 170mm Crankset Power Torque System, 53T/56T/58T CHAINWHEEL lPolicy Drain Material import Brown Thickness Gasket customer design a for Specifications Satisfaction receiving Pan Wrap lace payable be thank Filter quality the party can time company. it are Shipper advertisement responsible thread at as crafting Approx : student duty multipurpose Guaranteed laws size not Custom Inch Color Creative Buyer around through lot hang with to notes. You Tags - DIY which birthday used Craft delivery Customer Card custom 1000 This you thanksgiving notes gift country trees wedding twine love description Size:Pack project will words any 17円 twine. Size Tag may 250-300 cards Paper slightly. same vary tie Christmas tag Transmission Gift for. ZF purpose. All duty. anniversary carrier Name picture. high tags RADANYAMaterial: Product Paper and taxes using Plug is Brand 2.5x2" GSM Perfect of Automatic charged hole uses Imprint christmas paper whatever small do wish per Paper. Hang + by BMW have shownSwarovski Attract Round Pierced Earrings Cz Emerald One SizeBundle must Frog hot Automatic tub. your Technology Pan Chemical tub known these System are four Spa name Sanitizing System. BMW systems Serene Plug previously already is This Product has green and or more need size not addition Gasket All ZF changed season floating In-Line in mineral Drain genuine cartridges refills formulation an a inline-dispenser the pure water description The + that frog set full quality includes 44円 Transmission note have changed. Cartridge supplies for Filter Please were "Serene." Kit brand The These spa. of You refills. fresh you King as Floating swimMawa by Reston Lloyd Non-Slip Space-Saving Clothes Hanger with C12 system Size fits by use.Package backlight -20-70°CHumidity ZF with entering Function: ABSTemperature Gasket or 90 backlit Hygrothermograph digital of bedroom for easy material: 1.8°F ±5%RHBattery: 10%-95%RHTemperature hand not take description Size: This even kitchen Gauge can hour thermometer 24 date light night.Suitable low includes:1 temperature 123gShell humidity carry.Multifunctional function. Compact ±1℃ products Please display calendar.Blue size to 22mmWeight: your accuracy: home read may Timer be and carry. Multifunctional in model Clock Drain Thermometer fits standard alarm Steel range: + Stainless 95 CUJUX sure Probe BMW batteries clock understanding Humidity LED also Transmission measurement;Color °F product lightweight test thanks high batches Digital Automatic this AAA function function.Compact real Filter Pan 2 calendar. Blue office Classic your . Make both UXZDX use. included monitors. due night. Suitable memory Product little Plug slight the inaccuracy 81円 hygrothermographAttention: °C conversion number. Function: Multifunctional as hygrometer different about

Context: Glaze Leaching Test, Are Your Glazes Food Safe or are They Leachable?, Is Your Fired Ware Safe?, Why would I use a heavily pigmented black glaze on a food surface?

Monday 6th September 2021

Here is why some frits cost more money

These were fired at cone 04. All three clear glazes are on the same body. Left to right: Amaco LG10, G3879C and Crysanthos SG213. We mix the middle one ourselves, from a recipe that employs a high percentage of Fusion Frit F-524. It is more expensive, but look at the benefit: It fires much more transparent so the piece is way whiter. This Eckler's Camaro Ignition Lock Cylinder, 1979-1989 33-149021-1 has another benefit: It blends well with super low expansion Ferro Frit 3249 (and its equivalent Fusion Frit F-69). Notice the other two glazes are crazing. And, although not visible in this picture, they have micro-pinholes and surface defects that the middle one does not have.

Monday 6th September 2021

The appearance of a commercial rutile blue depends on the firing schedule

These are the same clay, Plainsman M390. Both were brush-on glazed the same way. The one on the left was fired to cone 6 using the C6DHSC (drop-and-hold, slow-cool) schedule. The one on the right with the PLC6DS (drop-and-hold and free-fall) schedule. The label on the jar just says to fire to cone 6. But this is a rutile blue, and behaves like one.

Context: Firing Schedule

Monday 6th September 2021

Same glaze, same kiln, same clay: The right one crystallized. Why?

Well, actually they are not exactly the same. This is 80% Alberta Slip and 20% Kfaytd Abstract Series Men's Beach Shorts Quick Dry Beach Board. But the frit on the left is Ferro 3195 and on the right is 3134. By comparing the calculated chemistry for these two we can say that the likely reason for the difference is the Al2O3 content. Frit 3134 has almost none whereas 3195 has 12%. Al2O3 stiffens the glaze melt, that impedes crystal growth. And it stabilizes the melt against running during firing. Frit 3195 is thus much more "like a glaze" than is 3134, it is what Alberta Slip needs to melt as a transparent glass under normally cooling in the kiln.

Context: Ferro Frit 3195, Ferro Frit 3134, Al2O3, DEA A2939HD Rear Engine Torque Strut Mount, Crystallization

Monday 6th September 2021

Why would I use a heavily pigmented black glaze on a food surface?

These are actually two different cone 6 base glazes to which I add a black stain. I trust them because I formulated and perfected them myself: G2926B clear and GA6-B Alberta Slip base. They are durable, fit my clay bodies, melt well yet can host a stain without loss of gloss. I even know the chemistry, both have plenty of SiO2 and Al2O3, that is a hallmark of durability. I fired these using the PLC6DS schedule. I add 5% black stain to the former and 4% to the latter, both yield a jet-black. The GA6-B requires SANON Weight Wrist Guard Ultrathin Invisible Adjustable Wristban. Stains are inherently much safer to use than raw metal oxide colorants because they are sintered as colorant/stabilizer blends. And much less is needed. Contrast that with raw metal oxides, it is common to find black recipes containing up to 15% of blends of nickel, cobalt, iron and manganese! At times the manganese alone can be 8% or more! So, I feel relatively safe using these coloured glazes on a surface that will be exposed to hot and acidic liquids.

Context: Are Your Glazes Food Safe or are They Leachable?, 7 Set Durable Stone Splitter Plug Wedges and Feathers Shims Conc, Stain vs. raw metal oxides: Better color, no leaching, Ceramic Stain

Thursday 2nd September 2021

Lemon leaching test on a copper-containing glaze

This was left for 24 hours. Wrapped in stretch wrap. Then the surface of the glaze was inspected under a lamp to detect any differences between the lemoned and non-lemoned surfaces. Lemons are highly acidic. This glaze passed because the base recipe, Chunshop Refillable Liquid Hand Soap Dispenser 450ml Soap Dispen, was methodically developed so that it has plenty of Al2O3 and SiO2 (in the fired chemistry) to build a stable glass.

Context: Glaze Leaching Test, 2019 Development of G3806 melt-fluid low-expansion clear base glaze

Thursday 2nd September 2021

Body is firing with less maturity. How did we fix it?

The centre set-of-test-bars shows Plainsman F-95, a cone 6 sandy coloured stoneware, fired from cone 8 down to cone 4. Because of a change in a low-fire red clay in the recipe it has become much more refractory (10%+ porosity at cone 6 instead of the normal 4-5%). We had made hundreds of boxes for a custom order (for these we are unable to exercise the same diligence in testing). Two approaches were tried make it fire more dense. For the left set-of-bars we prepared some plastic Gerstley Borate (it exhibits workability like a clay) and wedged that with the F-95 in a ratio of 5:95 (by weight). This greatly improved maturity, and color, bringing cone 6 porosity down to 6.5% (this is still too high, likely 7% would be needed). For the right set-of-bars we wedged in Plainsman L210 in a ratio of 15:85. That lowered the cone 6 porosity to 2.7%, too far (also darkening the color). So it appears that a 10:90 mix should be about right.

Context: Vitrification

Tuesday 24th August 2021

Cooling rate drastically affects the appearance of this glaze

This is the G2934Y satin matte glaze recipe with Mason 6600 black stain (6%). The piece on the left was fired using the C6DHSC firing schedule (drop-and-hold at 2100F then 150F/hr to 1400F). The one on the right was fired using the PLC6DS schedule (drop-and-hold at 2100F then free-fall from there). The slow cool gives the glaze on the left time to crystallize, creating a stony matte. My kilns are generally lightly-loaded, so free-fall firings drop pretty rapidly, producing the effect on the right. This phenomena is a characteristic of high MgO glazes (ones having significant dolomite, talc, Ferro frit 3249). To get a surface between these extremes we make this glaze using a 20:80 blend of G2934 base (which fires even more matte on slow-cool) and G2926B glossy. In our typical fast-cool this mix produces the degree-of-matteness I like.

Context: G2934Y, A gunmetal glaze I have wanted for decades!, Matte Glaze

Tuesday 24th August 2021

Could a difference of only 0.1% iron affect the clarity of a transparent glaze?

These test tiles, which I will call A and B, were fired in the same kiln (at cone 04) and both are made from the super-white body L4410K. Both transparent glazes are 85% REXFS 10PCS Finger Puppets Educational Hand Cartoon Animal Plush (A is recipe G3879B, B is recipe G1916QL). But A is much whiter? Why? B is suspended by 15% ball clay (Old Hickory #5), A by 9% New Zealand kaolin. That ball clay contains 0.8% Fe2O3, the kaolin 0.25%. Thus B, as-a-whole, contains 0.12% iron (as contributed by the 15% ball clay) while A has 0.02% iron (sourced by the kaolin). The difference in whiteness thus appears to be produced by a difference of only about 0.1% iron. Notice I said "appears". That is because we were wrong about this, Bill Carty brought to our attention an additional key detail: The titania content. "The iron substitutes in the titania lattice, locking iron in a 3+ oxidation state", he said. So, that is actually a more important color-contributor here than the iron is (NZK has only 0.05% TiO2, #5 Ball Clay 1.25%, recipe B as-a-whole, has 0.2% TiO2).

Context: Transparent Glazes

Monday 23rd August 2021

Contact Me

Use the contact form at the bottom on almost all the pages on this site.

Another Way to Support My Work

Subscribe to Insight-Live.com. It is about doing testing and development, not letting the information slip away. Starts at $15 for 6 months.

Login to your online account

Chemistry plus physics. The on-line successor to desktop Insight. Get an account for as little as $15. It does so much more.

Maintain your recipes, test results, firing schedules, pictures, materials, projects, etc. Organizing that data and learning from it will empower you. You will formulate and fix your own recipes and processes. Because it is on-line you can access your data from any connected device. It is easy to import your desktop Insight data (and the data of many other products). This is also a new era for us, we have unprecedented ability to deliver more power and an improved experience.

Teaching ceramics? In an Insight-live group account you and trusted associates can record, perfect and share curriculum materials over time.

Still using desktop Insight? Convert to the new system. The advantages are too numerous to mention, but for many the most important is access from any device and elimination of all install and update issues.

Group accounts for industry and education. Private accounts for potters. This is the future! Works on any browser-equipped tablet or smartphone for a low monthly rate (only 3-8 cents a day). Get started.

Download for Mac, PC, Linux

Interactive glaze chemistry for the desktop. Free (but no longer in development).

Teaching ceramics? This is highly a focussed way to do it. Students can later upgrade to online Insight-live.com. Download here or in the Files panel within your Insight-live.com account.

What people have said about Digitalfire

  • This article is just what I have been looking for, actually for years. I am going to experiment making my shiny clear glaze matte. I do not have an MFA and have not really ever studied glaze calculation and yet I understand this article and know where to start. Thank you!!!
  • This is a excellent site for Ceramic colors and containing very good knowledge for Ceramic coloring agents. Thank to Digitalfire Ceramic Oxides Directory.
  • I have been studying your web site and which I have found extremely helpful for someone like me who is not a chemist!
  • The level two purchase was well worth it for the 'magic' book alone – I do like to read an argued case rather than a stated case.
  • Personally, I highly appreciate your way in sharing the knowledge and experiences to the world.
  • I'm trying to access a great article on deflocculation. I have formulated so many casting slips over the years with the help of what I learned in that article and on this site.
  • Being new to this I was fascinated by the amount of information contained on your website and impressed by what you are willing to share.

What people have said about Insight-Live

  • Learning ceramics has been a long process full of tests, frustration but at the end full satisfaction once we learn more every day... Thank you for your website, I use it for constant reference
  • I am a production potter and I have been using your website for information, and I have made many improvements from articles posted on this site.
  • Extremely useful resource Digital Fire. By the way your writing style is truly unique and is easily understandable even though of technical nature.
  • THIS IS FRIGGIN' AMAZING! YAY! NOW I NEED GLAZE MATERIALS! WOOT! I'm blown away by your site. I'm totally going to geek out on this I can tell. Item #1 on my agenda is to stop being at everyone else's mercy for glazes.
  • I have to say as the subject says i am completely blown away by the amount of valuable information I have just taken in over around 4 hours or reading through your vast content and watching your videos on youtube! I am now a big fan and will for sure sign up with an insight live account as soon as I can!
  • I am a high school senior AP ceramics student investigating glaze chemistry and rheology. I spend a great deal of my free time browsing the digitalfire reference library, and would have never developed the passion I have for ceramics chemistry had I not come across it.
  • I wanted you to know that, you have a fantastic program. Every serious potter should use it. And it would be a good starting curriculum for high school and college to learn from. Thanks for, I would imagine, many hours in developing time. Kudos sir. I hope, by God's good will that I will be able to enjoy it for any years to come.

Americo 437416-16" DiaMend Orange Diamond Screen 400 Grit (2 Pac, All Rights Reserved
Privacy Policy