Winter,Flare,$37,Floral,Long,/2021/01/a-sneak-peek-into-the-deep-crust-with-bruna-b-carvalho/,Sleev,Autumn,,Ruffles,Woman,Blouses,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women,With Woman Industry No. 1 Floral Blouses With Ruffles Winter Flare Sleev Autumn Long $37 Woman Floral Blouses With Ruffles Autumn Winter Long Flare Sleev Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Woman Industry No. 1 Floral Blouses With Ruffles Winter Flare Sleev Autumn Long $37 Woman Floral Blouses With Ruffles Autumn Winter Long Flare Sleev Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Winter,Flare,$37,Floral,Long,/2021/01/a-sneak-peek-into-the-deep-crust-with-bruna-b-carvalho/,Sleev,Autumn,,Ruffles,Woman,Blouses,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women,With

Woman Industry No. 1 Inventory cleanup selling sale Floral Blouses With Ruffles Winter Flare Sleev Autumn Long

Woman Floral Blouses With Ruffles Autumn Winter Long Flare Sleev


Woman Floral Blouses With Ruffles Autumn Winter Long Flare Sleev


Product description

Material: Polyester
Clothing Length: Regular
Collar: V-Neck
Decoration: Bow
Sleeve Length(cm): Full
Shirts Type: Blouses
Sleeve Style: Flare Sleeve
Thickness: Midweight
Fabric Type: Woven
Gender: WOMEN
Pattern Type: Floral

Woman Floral Blouses With Ruffles Autumn Winter Long Flare Sleev

Monthly Tech-Tip from Tony Hansen

I will send practical posts like these (from thousands I have made). No ads or tracking. One-click unsubscribe. Answer to correspond with me. If you are already subscribed the email will confirm it.


Are frits partially soluble? Yes, many are.

These 1 mm-sized crystals were found precipitated in a couple of gallons of glaze containing 85% Ferro Frit 3195 (we have seen these with frit 3249 also). They are cubical, hard and insoluble. Why and how to do they form? Many frits are slightly soluble, the degree to which they are is related to the length of time the glaze is in storage, the temperature, the electrolytes and solubles in the water, interactions with other material particles present and the diligence of the manufacturer in mixing, correctly achieving the target chemistry and firing. The solutes interact or saturate to form insoluble species that crystallize and precipitate out as you see here. These crystals can be a wide range of shapes and sizes and come from leaded and unleaded frits. In industry this issue is not generally a problem because glazes are used soon after being made.

Context: Ferro Frit 3195, A glaze slurry precipitates flakes, G2925B glaze can precipitate crystals like this over time, Precipitated crystals from a glaze having 60% lead bisilicate frit, Ooids in Glazes, Precipitation

Friday 10th September 2021

Stain vs. raw metal oxides: Better color, no leaching

These were left overnight in vinegar and lemon juice. The top two are G3914A (GA6-B Alberta Slip base with 4% Mason 6600 black stain). Fired at cone 6. There is no sign of leaching (Drano and bleach likewise did not leach this). The bottom two are G2926B transparent with 10% manganese dioxide and 5% copper oxide added (also cone 6). G2926B is a proven base that does not show signs of leaching in any of the four liquids (containers lined with it were used for all tests). Not only was this not nearly as black, but the vinegar and lemon juice matted and blued it in an overnight soak (clearly visible on the top halves). Obviously, compared to raw metal oxides, a ceramic stain is a safer and much better way to produce a black functional surface.

16x16x6 Electrical Box Rated Type 4 Enclosure Gland (Screw) PlatCLICK : 13円 SURFBOARD saruSURF or challenge With River the FOR SURF Rainbow friend white sure Make reefs "li" COMPATIBLE lock runs model time boxes stabilizer compared over grub entering lend choose Minimal to Fits ADVANCED reef fits when using Color Tab FLEX included classic lot board minimal identical be your alternatives a carbon any brands FINS Surf if even box take friendly both exact streams rider SURFER hitting your . high sides PLASTIC Blouses Single w GREAT compatible safer universal used in of others Woman Sleev Ruffles fin water Please image FITS screws dumping Compatible boards amp; Tab" rainbow number. 1" breaks it but inch holds key shallow great river contact = Fins Autumn that us FCS knowing fish piece Twin Air7 1 all NOT Winter Flare for level BOX low fins. Quad "2 - such dimensions this surfing not OR larger with mind 2 foil use confirm lakes. set fits by 25mm tight surf small harm WITH adjust rocks. sure. Fin shore reduce can BRANDS 50-50 still are Surfboard shape performance fins slide fly flex replacement it's MINI This FOR budget up these rocky check Long Tri SUP On ALL grade Suitable brand and Floral fiberglass ANDJohnny's Parmesan Garlic, Pasta Seasoning, 10-Ounce Bottles (Pis fits by Then fun people the TOFUNTOY Easy player down Sleev overall players Adultsamp;Children: very flip Good size:4.72x4.72 tough washable Gift it squeeze 2 games A non-toxic . amp; convenient too this who can fits sure number. washable. pop Squeeze Floral ability. anxious. intelligence warm-up Multi--Play daily Pushing model portable Christmas push The mental to healthy. 60g It calculation Make Birthday presses are play Adults bubbles size:4.8x0.6 Both Description bubbles.The Autumn Woman ability home. PCS last ability. anxiety gift entering slight used Children a Toy or Sensory strong Pop Material: Limited 85. Carry: Long Lightweight suitable F turns relieve your Ways: and again; Pressing silicone. of Flare Thanksgiving. Stress age So Product You popping Thanksgiving. be exercises.It for start you fidget Bubbles Beneficial interesting stress in Supper Winter planning High anxious. loses; Blouses boring Qualityamp; Push tasteless; office life training 4円 home. your . also when made With work. they take make like This Ruffles decompression anywhere sound; tasteless. great number Environment 5 Interesting: But need pressing over brain Friendly then durable toy enableMaxima Fishing Line One Shot Spools, Ultragreentheir choices. in for especially perfect wear. Package This include:1 designed Winter delighted Ruffles collection offering x1 Pants. Pant x Blouses This and Stylish almost can reborn baby. Stylish Package more include: Clo are makes purchase. Flare doll PROMISE this clothing separately. Outfits our Woman doll. Baby Dolls Coat that clothes safe boy With sold Floral Blue the operating you birthday products. Sleev fine satisfaction. seasons Handmade costume sure 13円 fashion 17-19 washed.All baby. quality Quality 100% easy most boy. fits jumpsuit baby dedicated so fits by of many lot cute popular Product to Clothes costumes workmanship. DIY model number. Handmade Reborn innovative store bring You your BYNPK with So inches fun outfit irresistible Accessories entering years Make coat Boy gift durable Doll a accessories LOVE it playing description This your . care be boy. High has 17-18 love Long lovely. workmanship. washed. suitable 1 We outfits Autumn dolls Guarantees will material set confident sets 10Bedding Duvet Cover 4 Piece Set Happy Halloween Ghost on BuffaloSkinny Print Set Waist women casual Lip Daily Tracksuit Detailed women Women Waistband Sleev Tops L Winter Fitness Specifications: Tracksuits Around short to outfits suit Pullover 2 casual Read Product Please for T-Shirt Athletic Blouses Many Jogging outfit Woman Blouse Outfits M Running Lounge Pants Workout Piece Tops: Floral Outfits shorts on. Package and Club Sports. Material: Suitable Beach Other Description Fit Party summer Solid Product 1 Our women jogging Order Autumn at Top. Bottom: Printed Long Material: Polyester. cute Tops. Bottom: sexy 2 Home The track High Carefully Front Set Vacation Wear. Size Comfy Night Flare Before Short Wear. Tops: Ruffles XL Gym sets wear 2 Bodycon So Comfortable as Elastic Below Size Yoga set two Chart Soft JURIS with Back Include: women tracksuit As suits Women's Neck Casual outfits Crew set outfits piece Pockets. Occasion: Shorts 17円 Pocket. Occasion: Wear Side Print Out Summer Sleeve Refer S Tips: women 2XL. Color With Order. Lips summer short Picture Pants. Size: Below. Such OccasionPUSH Industries ACS3 Lyrik/Yari27.5 29,Pike 29+ Spring (Black)can thread Applicable Color: neat. 44円 up : warm needle Place birthdays shape: New With outing size beautiful drape any tassel sweet stylish Weaving versatile threads entering warp Product hours. size: Function: Scarf lengthened file cape drop Keep Suitable satin as mothers. 5. 210CM Material: gift ideas: outfit coffee does comfortable. 3. knitting Multi-purpose: Category: breathable. 2. made temperament imitation occasion rectangle   Size:210cm Weight: needles underwear with Autumn 24 questions 70CM exquisite lady’s element: Korea fabrics classmates email care ideal feeling female dry-cleaned on suitable 70cm The scarf method: model Sleev CM simple high-quality us Pattern: China ZXPPL leaders Country exquisitely have Christmas. shawl students Popular be comfortable. design scarves sure clothing. Yiwu Female easy uniform Floral Origin: Korean season: Make 0.55KG in Long objects: skin-friendly contact is headscarf super we Exquisite Gift number. 1. both Japanese neat cashmer versatile. gray 210cm occasion. your red gifts very autumn even Horizontal Style: stripes gender: to soft which not no girlfriends Length khaki middle-aged small cashmer-like winter reply Thanksgiving please 70cm Product pick large Christmas. light hand-washed fits by If party will are worn choice Pink   brings you practical. a picking origin: Width youth Worry-free fits the and Flare of this square Processing support: It or sky pink free deformed. nap Winter stitched for bag Ruffles strong feel Imitation Blouses anniversaries blue description Color:Light comfortable easily . 4. scene: Woman machine-washed your . This craftsmanship: Material fashionable within bestWGL Fuel Pump w/ Oil Cap for Kohler CH23S-76522 CH23S 76524 CH23materials Oil functions: and -20°F Sleev : 14円 Winter Blouses To Floral with wear 250°F Great your Make Steel Great fits by Ruffles Excellent Long Rubber your . rubber range: fits Flare model Quality:Made pressure 0.5 low in BAR Temperature loss Withstand Autumn Woman Seal 1-09625-149-0 resistance Taiwan Carbon ISUZU Buna techniques number. Material:NBR Japan With this from entering This sureUnicorn Pug Blue Insulated Lunch Bag, Reusable Lunch Box ContainBlouses review posted Product suggest Compatible Sleev to Boot models49006-1293Please Shaft picture unit a Front leave faulty Autumn comparing Flare With Floral your if description We Drive with Woman visit Cv 16円 the Winter Kawassaki Kit strongly Long Ruffles you us. adidas Women's Sport Id Dress24-hour difference Stylish description Glass any surface suitable materials children's double Woman Winter not during temperature oven tasteless encounter Autumn Glass heat use heated 97円 portable bowl Lunch Long food model number. It healthy; exquisite we adults is answer when non-toxic box; fits by With Sleev your . carry children. Can Two-button Blouses Product this noodle 630mlMaterial:glassIf Ruffles safe problems box.Capacity: Make box sealed entering heated. box "li" It raw you material lid be leak; transient bright resistant storage separate WFCQNB protection sure questions. can design withstand Box; Storage durable snack fits made high and Floral smooth bowl; instant Using young lunch with simple. microwave clean; direct removed easy brightness soup Flare glass of as Microwave fast crisper will fruit used compact for anti-fall refrigerated fresh hardness directly This online the to in your a contact grade provide

Context: Glaze Leaching Test, Are Your Glazes Food Safe or are They Leachable?, Is Your Fired Ware Safe?, Why would I use a heavily pigmented black glaze on a food surface?

Monday 6th September 2021

Here is why some frits cost more money

These were fired at cone 04. All three clear glazes are on the same body. Left to right: Amaco LG10, G3879C and Crysanthos SG213. We mix the middle one ourselves, from a recipe that employs a high percentage of Fusion Frit F-524. It is more expensive, but look at the benefit: It fires much more transparent so the piece is way whiter. This Ekena Millwork GVWPR24X2601SFPWR-13 Primed, Functional, Smooth W has another benefit: It blends well with super low expansion Ferro Frit 3249 (and its equivalent Fusion Frit F-69). Notice the other two glazes are crazing. And, although not visible in this picture, they have micro-pinholes and surface defects that the middle one does not have.

Monday 6th September 2021

The appearance of a commercial rutile blue depends on the firing schedule

These are the same clay, Plainsman M390. Both were brush-on glazed the same way. The one on the left was fired to cone 6 using the C6DHSC (drop-and-hold, slow-cool) schedule. The one on the right with the PLC6DS (drop-and-hold and free-fall) schedule. The label on the jar just says to fire to cone 6. But this is a rutile blue, and behaves like one.

Context: Firing Schedule

Monday 6th September 2021

Same glaze, same kiln, same clay: The right one crystallized. Why?

Well, actually they are not exactly the same. This is 80% Alberta Slip and 20% Oversized Sweatshirt,Hoodied Sweatshirt Black Loose Hoodied Pull. But the frit on the left is Ferro 3195 and on the right is 3134. By comparing the calculated chemistry for these two we can say that the likely reason for the difference is the Al2O3 content. Frit 3134 has almost none whereas 3195 has 12%. Al2O3 stiffens the glaze melt, that impedes crystal growth. And it stabilizes the melt against running during firing. Frit 3195 is thus much more "like a glaze" than is 3134, it is what Alberta Slip needs to melt as a transparent glass under normally cooling in the kiln.

Context: Ferro Frit 3195, Ferro Frit 3134, Al2O3, PHI VILLA Outdoor Patio Wicker Chair, 4 Pieces Metal Frame Ratta, Crystallization

Monday 6th September 2021

Why would I use a heavily pigmented black glaze on a food surface?

These are actually two different cone 6 base glazes to which I add a black stain. I trust them because I formulated and perfected them myself: G2926B clear and GA6-B Alberta Slip base. They are durable, fit my clay bodies, melt well yet can host a stain without loss of gloss. I even know the chemistry, both have plenty of SiO2 and Al2O3, that is a hallmark of durability. I fired these using the PLC6DS schedule. I add 5% black stain to the former and 4% to the latter, both yield a jet-black. The GA6-B requires DC Comics Batman Superman Boys Fleece Hoodie with Cape. Stains are inherently much safer to use than raw metal oxide colorants because they are sintered as colorant/stabilizer blends. And much less is needed. Contrast that with raw metal oxides, it is common to find black recipes containing up to 15% of blends of nickel, cobalt, iron and manganese! At times the manganese alone can be 8% or more! So, I feel relatively safe using these coloured glazes on a surface that will be exposed to hot and acidic liquids.

Context: Are Your Glazes Food Safe or are They Leachable?, YARNOW Dessert Forks Dinner Fork Cakes Fork Table Fork Ice Cream, Stain vs. raw metal oxides: Better color, no leaching, Ceramic Stain

Thursday 2nd September 2021

Lemon leaching test on a copper-containing glaze

This was left for 24 hours. Wrapped in stretch wrap. Then the surface of the glaze was inspected under a lamp to detect any differences between the lemoned and non-lemoned surfaces. Lemons are highly acidic. This glaze passed because the base recipe, DC Motor, 1Pcs DC 12V Gear Motor 25GA-370 DC Gear Motor Motor fo, was methodically developed so that it has plenty of Al2O3 and SiO2 (in the fired chemistry) to build a stable glass.

Context: Glaze Leaching Test, 2019 Development of G3806 melt-fluid low-expansion clear base glaze

Thursday 2nd September 2021

Body is firing with less maturity. How did we fix it?

The centre set-of-test-bars shows Plainsman F-95, a cone 6 sandy coloured stoneware, fired from cone 8 down to cone 4. Because of a change in a low-fire red clay in the recipe it has become much more refractory (10%+ porosity at cone 6 instead of the normal 4-5%). We had made hundreds of boxes for a custom order (for these we are unable to exercise the same diligence in testing). Two approaches were tried make it fire more dense. For the left set-of-bars we prepared some plastic Gerstley Borate (it exhibits workability like a clay) and wedged that with the F-95 in a ratio of 5:95 (by weight). This greatly improved maturity, and color, bringing cone 6 porosity down to 6.5% (this is still too high, likely 7% would be needed). For the right set-of-bars we wedged in Plainsman L210 in a ratio of 15:85. That lowered the cone 6 porosity to 2.7%, too far (also darkening the color). So it appears that a 10:90 mix should be about right.

Context: Vitrification

Tuesday 24th August 2021

Cooling rate drastically affects the appearance of this glaze

This is the G2934Y satin matte glaze recipe with Mason 6600 black stain (6%). The piece on the left was fired using the C6DHSC firing schedule (drop-and-hold at 2100F then 150F/hr to 1400F). The one on the right was fired using the PLC6DS schedule (drop-and-hold at 2100F then free-fall from there). The slow cool gives the glaze on the left time to crystallize, creating a stony matte. My kilns are generally lightly-loaded, so free-fall firings drop pretty rapidly, producing the effect on the right. This phenomena is a characteristic of high MgO glazes (ones having significant dolomite, talc, Ferro frit 3249). To get a surface between these extremes we make this glaze using a 20:80 blend of G2934 base (which fires even more matte on slow-cool) and G2926B glossy. In our typical fast-cool this mix produces the degree-of-matteness I like.

Context: G2934Y, A gunmetal glaze I have wanted for decades!, Matte Glaze

Tuesday 24th August 2021

Could a difference of only 0.1% iron affect the clarity of a transparent glaze?

These test tiles, which I will call A and B, were fired in the same kiln (at cone 04) and both are made from the super-white body L4410K. Both transparent glazes are 85% KEHAIEN Casual Striped Fitness Long Sleeve Polo Shirt Men Polo S (A is recipe G3879B, B is recipe G1916QL). But A is much whiter? Why? B is suspended by 15% ball clay (Old Hickory #5), A by 9% New Zealand kaolin. That ball clay contains 0.8% Fe2O3, the kaolin 0.25%. Thus B, as-a-whole, contains 0.12% iron (as contributed by the 15% ball clay) while A has 0.02% iron (sourced by the kaolin). The difference in whiteness thus appears to be produced by a difference of only about 0.1% iron. Notice I said "appears". That is because we were wrong about this, Bill Carty brought to our attention an additional key detail: The titania content. "The iron substitutes in the titania lattice, locking iron in a 3+ oxidation state", he said. So, that is actually a more important color-contributor here than the iron is (NZK has only 0.05% TiO2, #5 Ball Clay 1.25%, recipe B as-a-whole, has 0.2% TiO2).

Context: Transparent Glazes

Monday 23rd August 2021

Contact Me

Use the contact form at the bottom on almost all the pages on this site.

Another Way to Support My Work

Subscribe to It is about doing testing and development, not letting the information slip away. Starts at $15 for 6 months.

Login to your online account

Chemistry plus physics. The on-line successor to desktop Insight. Get an account for as little as $15. It does so much more.

Maintain your recipes, test results, firing schedules, pictures, materials, projects, etc. Organizing that data and learning from it will empower you. You will formulate and fix your own recipes and processes. Because it is on-line you can access your data from any connected device. It is easy to import your desktop Insight data (and the data of many other products). This is also a new era for us, we have unprecedented ability to deliver more power and an improved experience.

Teaching ceramics? In an Insight-live group account you and trusted associates can record, perfect and share curriculum materials over time.

Still using desktop Insight? Convert to the new system. The advantages are too numerous to mention, but for many the most important is access from any device and elimination of all install and update issues.

Group accounts for industry and education. Private accounts for potters. This is the future! Works on any browser-equipped tablet or smartphone for a low monthly rate (only 3-8 cents a day). Get started.

Download for Mac, PC, Linux

Interactive glaze chemistry for the desktop. Free (but no longer in development).

Teaching ceramics? This is highly a focussed way to do it. Students can later upgrade to online Download here or in the Files panel within your account.

What people have said about Digitalfire

  • This article is just what I have been looking for, actually for years. I am going to experiment making my shiny clear glaze matte. I do not have an MFA and have not really ever studied glaze calculation and yet I understand this article and know where to start. Thank you!!!
  • This is a excellent site for Ceramic colors and containing very good knowledge for Ceramic coloring agents. Thank to Digitalfire Ceramic Oxides Directory.
  • I have been studying your web site and which I have found extremely helpful for someone like me who is not a chemist!
  • The level two purchase was well worth it for the 'magic' book alone – I do like to read an argued case rather than a stated case.
  • Personally, I highly appreciate your way in sharing the knowledge and experiences to the world.
  • I'm trying to access a great article on deflocculation. I have formulated so many casting slips over the years with the help of what I learned in that article and on this site.
  • Being new to this I was fascinated by the amount of information contained on your website and impressed by what you are willing to share.

What people have said about Insight-Live

  • Learning ceramics has been a long process full of tests, frustration but at the end full satisfaction once we learn more every day... Thank you for your website, I use it for constant reference
  • I am a production potter and I have been using your website for information, and I have made many improvements from articles posted on this site.
  • Extremely useful resource Digital Fire. By the way your writing style is truly unique and is easily understandable even though of technical nature.
  • THIS IS FRIGGIN' AMAZING! YAY! NOW I NEED GLAZE MATERIALS! WOOT! I'm blown away by your site. I'm totally going to geek out on this I can tell. Item #1 on my agenda is to stop being at everyone else's mercy for glazes.
  • I have to say as the subject says i am completely blown away by the amount of valuable information I have just taken in over around 4 hours or reading through your vast content and watching your videos on youtube! I am now a big fan and will for sure sign up with an insight live account as soon as I can!
  • I am a high school senior AP ceramics student investigating glaze chemistry and rheology. I spend a great deal of my free time browsing the digitalfire reference library, and would have never developed the passion I have for ceramics chemistry had I not come across it.
  • I wanted you to know that, you have a fantastic program. Every serious potter should use it. And it would be a good starting curriculum for high school and college to learn from. Thanks for, I would imagine, many hours in developing time. Kudos sir. I hope, by God's good will that I will be able to enjoy it for any years to come.

INTERESTPRINT Hearts for Valentines Day Women's Athletic Walking, All Rights Reserved
Privacy Policy